The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are a list of sites selected by the UNESCO Heritage Committee which monitors the state of conservation of these properties, manages funds from the World Heritage Fund, and offers financial assistance to these sites. Being part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites is a matter of great pride to a nation because it echoes the importance given to culture and heritage in that country. Additionally, these sites are protected by international treaties. India has 37 UNESCO World Heritage Sites of which 29 are cultural, 7 are natural and 1 is mixed. Here is a detailed list of five of those UNESCO World Heritage Sites that you can visit during your trip to Delhi.
Contact Xenia Cities for a detailed tour plan of as many of these wonderful sites as possible.
The Agra Fort in the historic city of Agra was once the main residence of the Mughal emperors before the capital was shifted to Delhi in 1638. The 94-acre fort is in the form of a semi-circle with seventy feet high walls. There are four gates on its four sites and one Khizri gate towards the river. The fort has witnessed several invasions right from the 16th century and has been changed significantly by the rulers to make it stronger to shoulder the responsibilities of a capital city.
Agra is about 233 kilometers (140 miles) from Delhi. The Agra Fort is just about 1.5 mile from the Taj Mahal.
The first thing that comes to mind when anyone anywhere thinks of India is the Taj Mahal. Said to a symbol of love, this amazing tomb was built on the banks of the River Yamuna was commissioned by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, in the name of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, in 1631. The ivory-white structure, built entirely of white marble and inlaid with semi-precious stones is the centrepiece of a 42-acre complex that also houses a guest house and a mosque and is surrounded by beautiful gardens. Agra is about 233 kilometers (140 miles) from Delhi.
Fatehpir Sikri is a town in Agra district of Uttar Pradesh. Founded by Emperor Akbar in 1571, Fatehpur Sikri thrived as a capital until 1585 and it is said that Akbar’s son, Jahangir, was born here. Archaeological evidences point out that there was an ancient city much before that date back 1,000 years or more. Several statues of Jain monks and a foundation of a Jain temple was unearthed during excavations. Some of the attractions here are the Buland Darwaza, the Jama Masjid (mosque), the Tomb of Salim Chishti, the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), the Diwan-i-Khas ((Hall of Private Audience), the Ibadat Khana (house of worship), Mariam-uz-Zamani’s palace, Naubat Khana, Pachisi Court, Panch Mahal, Birbal’s house and Hiran Minar.
Fatehpur Sikhri is about 24 miles from Agra and can be reached via air (Agra airport) or by train (Fatehpur Sikhri railway station).
HUMAYUN’S TOMB, DELHI
Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi was built in 1569-60 by Humayun’s first wife, Empress Bega Begum. It was the first garden-tomb in the country and is also the first monument to be built using red sandstone on such as large scale. The entire complex consists of the main tomb of Emperor Humayun which also has the graves of Bega Begum, Hamida Begum and Dara Shikoh (great-great-grandson of Humayun), the Charbagh Garden, and the Tombs of Battashewala Complex.
QUTB MINAR AND ITS MONUMENTS, DELHI
The Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world. It is part of the Qutub Complex, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi. This 73-meter tall five-storied tower has a 14.3-meters of base diameters, 379 steps and tapers to a diameter of 2.7 meters at the top. The construction of this impressive tower started in 1192 and went on until the 19th century when more stories were added to it.
Get in touch with Agra City tour package of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in and around Delhi.